Turkey from empire to revolutionary republic : the emergence of the Turkish nation from 1789 to the present /

In October 2005, the European Union officially began accession negotiations with Ankara, making Turkey the first predominantly Muslim country to become a candidate for membership. Turkey is an historic crossroads, poised between Europe and Asia, Islam and Christianity, and is the fulcrum upon which...

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Main Author: Akşin, Sina.
Format: Book
Language:English
Turkish
Published: Washington Square, N.Y. : New York University Press, 2007.
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Table of Contents:
  • pt. 1.
  • Introduction : The background
  • ch. 1.
  • The pre-Ottoman Turks
  • The three homelands of the Turks
  • The ages of history
  • ch. 2.
  • The classical Ottoman era
  • Periodisation of Ottoman history
  • The classical Ottoman social structure
  • ch. 3.
  • Changes in the classical Ottoman system
  • The impact of inflation in Europe ; the musket
  • Increases in the European population, especially in the Mediterranean area
  • Decrease in importance of international caravan trade routes
  • Reaching the limits of conquest
  • Influence of the 'Laws of Ibn Khaldun'
  • ch. 4.
  • Problems in the cultural life of the Ottoman Turks.
  • pt. 2.
  • An empire in travail
  • ch. 5.
  • The road to Tanzimat
  • Sened-i İttifak (the Deed of Agreement)
  • -
  • The Greek Revolution and the Egyptian question
  • The treaty of 1838
  • The proclamation of Tanzimat (the reorganisation)
  • ch. 6.
  • The reform decree and the young Ottomans
  • The young Ottomans
  • ch. 7.
  • The first constitutional monarchy and the Great Crisis
  • The Tersane conference
  • ch. 8.
  • The era of Abdülhamit II
  • The birth of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP)
  • The Armenian movement
  • Ahmet Riza and positivism
  • Prince Sabahattin
  • The Russo-Japanese war
  • The Macedonian question
  • The declaration of freedom
  • ch. 9.
  • Structural characteristics of the CUP and the 31 March incident
  • The 31 March incident
  • Putting down the rebellion
  • Some characteristics of the CUP.
  • ch. 10.
  • The CUP supervisory government, from the 31 March incident to 1913
  • The war in Tripolitania (Libya)
  • The big stick election
  • The first Balkan War
  • The sublime Porte coup
  • Overview of the CUP supervisory government
  • ch. 11.
  • Major intellectual currents of the constitutional era
  • Islamism
  • Westernism
  • Turkism
  • Socialism
  • ch. 12.
  • The CUP in full power and entry into the First World War
  • The second Balkan War
  • Partition of the Ottoman Empire
  • Entry into the First World War
  • ch. 13.
  • The struggle for full independence
  • The development of capitalism
  • ch. 14.
  • The First World War
  • Major events
  • The forcible transfer of the Armenians
  • Social changes during the war.
  • pt. 3.
  • The era of Atatürk
  • ch. 15.
  • End of the war and Armistice (to 19 May 1919)
  • Defeat at the front
  • The İzzet Pasha government
  • Palace calculations
  • The armistice of Mudros
  • Mustafa Kemal in İstanbul
  • The occupation of İzmir
  • ch. 16.
  • From Samsun to the fall of the Damat Ferit government
  • The Amasya Resolutions
  • Damat Ferit at the Peace Conference
  • The Erzurum Congress
  • The Sivas Congress
  • ch. 17.
  • The third period of the constitutional government
  • The National Pact
  • The escalated occupation of İstanbul
  • ch. 18.
  • Establishment of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Civil War and the Treaty of Sèvres
  • The Turkish Grand National Assembly
  • Civil war
  • The Treaty of Sèvres
  • ch. 19.
  • The regular army's road to victory
  • Events in Greece
  • The first half of İnönü and its repercussions
  • The battle of Sakarya
  • ch. 20.
  • The great victory and the abolition of the Sultanate
  • Peace initiatives
  • The great offensive and victory
  • The armistice of Mudanya
  • Abolition of the Sultanate.
  • ch. 21.
  • The Treaty of Lausanne : Turkey declared a republic
  • The Lausanne Conference
  • The İzmir Economic Congress
  • The Treaty of Lausanne
  • Establishment of the Republic
  • ch. 22.
  • Abolition of the Caliphate, leading to secularism
  • Abolition of the Caliphate
  • The process of secularisation
  • The nature of Turkish secularism
  • ch. 23.
  • Revolution and attempts at counter-revolution
  • The Constitution of 1924
  • The Progressive Republican Party
  • The Sheikh Sait revolt
  • The Hat Reform
  • abolition of the fez
  • Assassination attempts against Atatürk
  • ch. 24.
  • The cultural revolution comes to the fore
  • Alphabet reform
  • An experiment in multi-party politics
  • People's houses and rooms
  • Historical studies
  • Language reform
  • Universities
  • ch. 25.
  • Economic and political developments
  • Ideology and periodicals
  • Foreign policy in the Atatürk era
  • Economic policy in the Atatürk era
  • ch. 26.
  • Evaluation of Atatürk and his revolution
  • The philosophical character of the revolution
  • Kemalism as a development model
  • The ideology of Atatürk : his six principles.
  • pt. 4.
  • İsmet İnönü and his multi-party system
  • ch .27.
  • Pre-war and war years ; the İnönü era
  • The İnönü presidency
  • The Second World War
  • Economic policy
  • Village institutes
  • ch. 28.
  • İnönü establishes the multi-party system
  • The international environment
  • Transition to the multi-party system
  • Founding of the Democrat Party
  • After the 1946 elections
  • The Günaltay government
  • Evaluation of Ismet İnönü
  • ch. 29.
  • The Democrat Party era
  • The Democrat Party's first successes and the first repressive measures
  • The question of Cyprus
  • The 1957 elections : the Democrat Party strays from the path of democracy
  • Events leading to the 27 May coup
  • The National Unity Committee (1960-1)
  • The Democrat Party evaluated.
  • pt. 5.
  • Military interventions and their aftermaths
  • ch. 30.
  • The 1960s and 1970s
  • The 21 March 1971 coup
  • ch. 31.
  • The eighties
  • The 12 September 1980 coup
  • Return to party life
  • The economics of the 1980s
  • The resurgence of Kemalism
  • Aspects of foreign policy
  • ch. 32.
  • The nineties
  • The Gulf War
  • The elections of 20 October 1991
  • The presidency of Demirel, the premiership of Çiller
  • The Erbakan-Çiller government
  • The army steps in
  • Collapse of the Yilmaz government, Ecevit in power
  • ch. 33.
  • In the new millennium
  • A new president and economic catastrophe
  • The end of the Ecevit government
  • The end of moderate politics?
  • Turkey's EU perspective.